Welbeck's Garden History

Visitors to Welbeck may not realise it, but beyond The Harley Gallery and the Portland Collection Museum was once the estate’s very own Kitchen Garden - the largest of its kind in the country.

When the 5th Duke of Portland first commissioned the creation of Welbeck’s Kitchen Garden in 1860, it was inspired by the 17-acre royal walled gardens in Windsor Great Park. At 22 acres, Welbeck’s garden was just that little bit larger. Back then, the garden was equipped with all the latest advances in horticulture, including glasshouses, heating systems and water supplies.

Together the gardeners produced vast quantities of vegetables and fruit all year round for the Duke and his household at Welbeck Abbey, as well as the staff who lived and worked on the estate.

The fresh produce was also sent to family in other parts of the country and to the Duke when he was in his London home. Some of the most exotic produce at that time were grown within the gardens at Welbeck, from melons, peaches and figs to pineapples.

Semi-subterranean glasshouses heated by hot beds were used to grow the pineapples grown using the famed ‘Welbeck method,’ which used horse manure from the stables.

During the early 20th century, visitors to the Abbey were often shown around the impressive Kitchen Garden by guides dressed in green frock coats and pork-pie hats, in keeping with the livery for footmen and butlers. They could view the tropical plants and exotic fruit grown throughout the year in the heated glasshouse.



Market Garden

The garden boasted apple trees and pear trees that were grown alongside the horse gallop and within the large orchard. Over the years, the production of unusual fruits dwindled, and some of the buildings were demolished. Other crops were produced instead, such as cabbages and salad vegetables.

The Kitchen Garden continued as a market garden well into the 1960s, with fruit, vegetables, pot plants and chrysanthemums sold at Worksop, Mansfield, Nottingham and Sheffield markets and local nurseries.

Today the huge walls around the car park and the garden centre provide an idea of the scale of this impressive garden, which was once maintained by an army of 42 gardeners.

Welbeck remains a working estate to this day. The gardens may no longer exist as they once did, but the 15,000 acre estate continues to farm and has both arable and grazing land.

It is proud to be home to arable and dairy farmers and food producers. Some of the artisan food and drink made right here on the estate can be found within Welbeck Farm Shop



Rose Corridor 

Rose Corridor was built in the mid-nineteenth century as part of the 5th Duke of Portland’s suite of subterranean entertaining rooms, which included a museum room, billiard rooms, supper rooms, and a vast picture gallery, later used as a ballroom.

Nobody quite knows why the Duke built these rooms, as he lived a quiet life and never invited people to Welbeck to use them. Speculation about the mysterious 5th Duke of Portland reached fever pitch after his death when a family claimed that he had led a double life as Thomas Charles Druce, co-owner of a London upholstery business called the Baker Street Bazaar. They stated that the Duke built a tunnel between his London residence, Harcourt House, and the upholstery shop, where he donned a false moustache and lived as Thomas Druce, marrying and having children, before faking his own death in 1864. The allegations were proven to be false when Druce’s coffin was exhumed and shown to contain a body. However, the case cemented the 5 Duke of Portland’s reputation as an eccentric and perverse character.

On the Welbeck estate, the Duke was known as “The worker’s friend” for his abundant employment and kindness to those who met him. The accounts of those who knew the Duke are far more sympathetic than the descriptions of strangers.